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When did Westphalia become Prussian? What did and does this mean for the region? Why did it come to a decline of the Prussian state? Take a time travel and delve into the Prussian history of Westphalia, starting more than 400 years ago!

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Forming (1609-1679)

1609

In 1609 John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, died childless and the Elector of Brandenburg lays claim to inheritance.

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1614

Treaty of Xanten

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1614

1648

Signing of the Peace of Westphalia in Münster in 1648

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Unterzeichnung des Westfälischen Friedens in Münster

1652

John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, becomes governor in Cleves and Mark in 1652.

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Johann Moritz Fürst von Nassau-Siegen wird Stadthalter in Kleve und Mark

1672

Bielefelder Religionsrezess

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1679

Construction of the fortification in Wesel

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Bau der Festung in Wesel

Establishment (1701-1789)

1701

Prussia becomes a kingdom in 1701

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Kurfürst Friedrich III. krönt sich zum König in Preußen

1711

From 1711 Appointed magistrates are implemented in the towns

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1719

Administrative unification of the counties of Minden and Ravensberg

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Administrative unification of the counties of Minden and Ravensberg

1723

Initiation of the Prussian administration reform and the introduction of war chambers and domain chambers

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1732

14,000 Salzburg refugees march through Westphalia in 1732

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14,000 Salzburg refugees march through Westphalia in 1732

1741

Royal Prussian Mill Regulation

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Royal Prussian Mill Regulation

1753

Rural School Regulation Decree

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Rural School Regulation Decree

1756

1756-1763 Seven Years' War

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1756-1763 Seven Years' War

1759

Battle of Minden

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1763

King Frederick II visits the western provinces

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King Frederick II visits the western provinces

1774

Construction of the first barracks in Hamm

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Construction of the first barracks in Hamm

1788

The King visits the County of Mark for the promotion of trades

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The King visits the County of Mark for the promotion of trades

1789

French Revolution

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French Revolution

The Golden Age (1803-1899)

1803

Principal Decree of the Imperial Deputation

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Principal Decree of the Imperial Deputation

1807

Collapse of "Old Prussia" in the Napoleonic Wars, Kingdom of Westphalia

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Collapse of "Old Prussia" in the Napoleonic Wars, Kingdom of Westphalia

1813

Wars of Liberation, Prussian state reform

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Wars of Liberation, Prussian state reform

1815

Establishment of the Prussian Province of Westphalia

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1816

Famine in Westphalia and the Rhineland

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Famine in Westphalia and the Rhineland

1817

Protestant Union between Lutherans and Reformists

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Protestant Union between Lutherans and Reformists

1820

Establishment of the Higher Regional Court in Hamm

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Establishment of the Higher Regional Court in Hamm

1825

Marks-Haindorf‘sche Stiftung

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Marks-Haindorf‘sche Stiftung

1826

Westfälischer Provinziallandtag in Münster

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Westfälischer Provinziallandtag in Münster

1832

Prussian semaphore telegraph between Berlin and the Rhineland

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Prussian semaphore telegraph between Berlin and the Rhineland

1834

Deutscher Zollverein

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Deutscher Zollverein

1837

1837-1840 Conflict over denominational mixed marriages (Berlin Convention)

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1837-1840 Conflict over denominational mixed marriages (Berlin Convention)

1847

Inauguration of the Cologne-Minden Railway and Bergisch-Märkische Railway

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1848

Revolutionary turmoil

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Revolutionary turmoil

1855

1855-57 Ravensberg Spinning Mill built in Bielefeld

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1855-57 Ravensberg Spinning Mill built in Bielefeld

1863

Construction of the Westend work colony

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Construction of the Westend work colony

1871

Foundation of the Second German Reich

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Foundation of the Second German Reich

1871

"Kulturkampf"

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"Kulturkampf"

1874

Introduction of civil marriage

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1878

1878-1890 Anti-Socialist Laws
1889 The Ruhr Miners' Strike

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Anti-Socialist Laws / The Ruhr Miners' Strike

1883

1883-1888 Bismarck's social legislation

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1883-1888 Bismarck's social legislation

1886

1896/1902 Inauguration of the Emperor Wilhelm memorials in Porta Westfalica and Hohensyburg

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1896/1902 Inauguration of the Emperor Wilhelm memorials in Porta Westfalica and Hohensyburg

1896

1896/1902 Inauguration of the Emperor Wilhelm memorials in Porta Westfalica and Hohensyburg

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1896/1902 Inauguration of the Emperor Wilhelm memorials in Porta Westfalica and Hohensyburg

1898

1898-1904 Construction of the Zollern Colliery in Dortmund-Bövinghausen

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1898-1904 Construction of the Zollern Colliery in Dortmund-Bövinghausen

1899

Inauguration of the Henrichenburg ship lift

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Inauguration of the Henrichenburg ship lift

Decline (1902-1991)

1902

Founding of the Westphalian University of Münster

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Founding of the Westphalian University of Münster

1906

Reconstruction dispute and subsequent construction of Castle Altena

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Reconstruction dispute and subsequent construction of Castle Altena

1908

Inauguration of the Westphalian Provincial Museum

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Inauguration of the Westphalian Provincial Museum

1918

End of the monarchy

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1920

Reich Election Law and revolutionary turmoil

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Reich Election Law and revolutionary turmoil

1923

1923-25 Ruhr occupation

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1923-25 Ruhr occupation

1932

"Preußenschlag" and removal of the democratic government of the Free State of Prussia

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"Preußenschlag" and removal of the democratic government of the Free State of Prussia

1933

"Day of Potsdam", Hermann Göring becomes Prussian Prime Minister

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"Day of Potsdam", Hermann Göring becomes Prussian Prime Minister

1934

Law on reconstruction of the Reich

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1939

1939-1945 World War II

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1945

Flight and Expulsion

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Flight and Expulsion

1946

1946/47 Foundation of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia

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1946/47 Foundation of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia

1947

Breakup of the State of Prussia

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Breakup of the State of Prussia

1981

Extensive historical reappraisal of the theme of Prussia begins

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1991

Reburial of the coffins of Frederick William I and Frederick the Great to Potsdam

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Reburial of the coffins of Frederick William I and Frederick the Great to Potsdam