1863 Construction of the Westend work colony
Bau der Arbeiterkolonie Westend
Already at the beginning of the 19th century, Alfred Krupp (1812-1887) sees the necessity of building suitable and humane accommodation for the increasing number of workers employed in his cast steel factory. The Krupp company is the first in Germany to set up work accommodation on a large scale.
The Westend work colony is the first works housing estate of the company of Krupp in Essen. Housing estates for workers near to large companies become a recipe for success and are implemented throughout Germany. These are still prevalent in Westphalia in various forms today. The Friedrichshof community in Essen is exemplary for a closed construction style with several storeys and generously-sized courtyards. It was built in 1899/1900. The garden communities of Teutoburgia in Herne (from 1909) and Margarethenhöhe in Essen (from 1906) are some of the most attractively conserved. State social housing was only developed during the Weimar Republic.