Continuously alternating exhibitions about the history of Prussia in southern Westphalia, urban and regional history, cultural history, the visual arts and events and social events have transformed the museums into historic-cultural centres in South Westphalia since their inauguration in 1988.
Special collections provide visitors with extensive impressions of the cultural and industrial development of the city of Lüdenscheid and its environs. Outstanding exponents of industrial and technical history are a restored railway train, a steam power generator, airship models and equipment of organised fire protection.
Lüdenscheid was seen in the 19th century as a town of buttons. An impressive button collection informs about the history of the fashion button from the Bronze Age to contemporary times.
A significant collection of historic maps, mainly of the County of Mark, is also owned by the museum.